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ƒGƒC–Ú
Rajiformes

™ƒGƒC–ځ@Rajiformes@(V‘S@15‰È@›86‘®@E569Ží)

ƒGƒC‚ÌŠÛ‚­‚È‚Á‚½•”•ª‚̓Tƒ‚Ì‹¹ƒrƒŒ‚ª‘å‚«‚­‚È‚Á‚½‚à‚́B






@@@ƒAƒJƒGƒC‰È@Dasyatidae@(V‘S@›5‘®@E77Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒAƒJƒGƒC‘®@Dasyatis@(E43Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒJƒGƒC@Dasyatis akajei
@@@@@@@@@@(Japanese stingrayARed stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒeƒBƒbƒNƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC@Dasyatis sabina
@@@@@@@@@@(Atlantic stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒƒŠƒJƒAƒJƒGƒC@Dasyatis americana
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒTƒUƒ“ƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒCASouthern stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒCƒYƒqƒƒGƒC@Dasyatis izuensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Izu stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒEƒBƒbƒvƒe[ƒ‹ƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒ[@Dasyatis brevis
@@@@@@@@@@(Whiptail stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒEƒVƒGƒC@Dasyatis ushiei
@@@@@@@@@@(Cow stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒiƒKƒGƒC@Dasyatis bennetti
@@@@@@@@@@(Bennett's stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒJƒ‰ƒXƒGƒC@Dasyatis violacea
@@@@@@@@@@(Pelagic stingrayAPteroplatytrygon violacea)
@@@@@@@@@@¦ Pteroplatytrygon‘®‚Æ‚·‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC@Dasyatis pastinaca
@@@@@@@@@@(Common stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒUƒ‰ƒUƒ‰ƒGƒC@Dasyatis guttata
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒƒ“ƒOƒm[ƒYƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒCALongnose stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒVƒƒGƒC@Dasyatis laevigata
@@@@@@@@@@(Yantai stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒYƒOƒGƒC@Dasyatis zugei
@@@@@@@@@@(Pale-edged stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ_ƒVƒAƒeƒBƒXEƒKƒƒEƒAƒGƒ“ƒVƒX@Dasyatis garouaensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Smooth freshwater stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ_ƒVƒAƒeƒBƒXEƒPƒ“ƒgƒƒEƒ‰@Dasyatis centroura
@@@@@@@@@@(Roughtail stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ_ƒVƒAƒeƒBƒXEƒ‰ƒIƒZƒ“ƒVƒX@Dasyatis laosensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Mekong stingrayAMekong freshwater stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒeƒ“ƒOƒAƒJƒGƒC@Dasyatis geijskesi
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒVƒƒ[ƒvƒXƒiƒEƒgƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒCASharpsnout stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒuƒ‰ƒ“ƒgƒm[ƒYƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC@Dasyatis say
@@@@@@@@@@(Bluntnose stingrayADasyatis sayi)
@@@@@@@@@EƒzƒVƒGƒC@Dasyatis matsubarai
@@@@@@@@@@(Pitted stingrayAUrolophoides matsubarai)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ„ƒWƒŠƒGƒC@Dasyatis acutirostra
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ„ƒbƒRƒGƒC@Dasyatis kuhlii
@@@@@@@@@@(Bluespotted stingrayADasyatis kuhli)
@@@@@@@@@EBlackish stingray)@Dasyatis navarrae
@@@@@@@@@EBlue stingray)@Dasyatis chrysonota
@@@@@@@@@EBrown stingray)@Dasyatis latus
@@@@@@@@@EChinese stingray)@Dasyatis sinensis
@@@@@@@@@EDaisy stingray)@Dasyatis margarita
@@@@@@@@@EDiamond stingray)@Dasyatis dipterura
@@@@@@@@@EEstuary stingray)@Dasyatis fluviorum
@@@@@@@@@EGiant stumptail stingray)@Dasyatis gigantea
@@@@@@@@@@(Urolophoides giganteus)
@@@@@@@@@ELongtail stingray)@Dasyatis longa
@@@@@@@@@EMarbled stingray)@Dasyatis marmorata
@@@@@@@@@EMultispine giant stingray)@Dasyatis multispinosa
@@@@@@@@@@(Dasyatis multispinosusAUrolophoides multispinosus)
@@@@@@@@@EPainted maskray)@Dasyatis leylandi
@@@@@@@@@EPearl stingray)@Dasyatis margaritella
@@@@@@@@@EPlain maskray)@Dasyatis annotata
@@@@@@@@@EShort-tail stingray)@Dasyatis brevicaudata
@@@@@@@@@@(Smooth Stingray)
@@@@@@@@@ESmalleye stingray)@Dasyatis microps
@@@@@@@@@ESmalltooth stingray)@Dasyatis rudis
@@@@@@@@@EThorntail stingray)@Dasyatis thetidis
@@@@@@@@@@(Black Stingray)
@@@@@@@@@ETortonese's stingray)@Dasyatis tortonesei
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dasyatis colarensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dasyatis hastata
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dasyatis hypostigma
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dasyatis marianae

@@@@@@›ƒCƒoƒ‰ƒGƒC‘®(ƒJƒCƒ‰ƒMƒGƒC‘®)@Urogymnus@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒCƒoƒ‰ƒGƒC@Urogymnus asperrimus
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒJƒCƒ‰ƒMƒGƒCAPorcupine ray)
@@@@@@@@@EThorny freshwater stingray)@Urogymnus ukpam

@@@@@@›ƒIƒgƒƒGƒC‘®@Himantura@(E27Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒ~ƒƒIƒgƒƒGƒC@Himantura uarnak
@@@@@@@@@@(Honeycomb stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒOƒƒIƒgƒƒGƒC@Himantura fai
@@@@@@@@@@(Pink whipray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒgƒƒGƒC@Himantura gerrardi
@@@@@@@@@@(Sharpnose stingray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒXƒP[ƒŠ[ƒEƒBƒbƒvƒŒƒC@Himantura imbricata
@@@@@@@@@@(Scaly whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒhƒ[ƒtƒEƒBƒbƒvƒŒƒC@Himantura walga
@@@@@@@@@@(Dwarf whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰EƒNƒŒƒ€ƒvƒtƒB@Himantura krempfi
@@@@@@@@@@(Marbled freshwater whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰EƒVƒOƒjƒtƒF[ƒ‹@Himantura signifer
@@@@@@@@@@(White-edged freshwater whiprayAWhite-rimmed stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰EƒWƒFƒ“ƒLƒ“ƒVƒC@Himantura jenkinsii
@@@@@@@@@@(Pointed-nose stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰Eƒ`ƒƒƒIƒvƒ‰ƒ„@Himantura chaophraya
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒJ[ƒRƒ“ƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰AƒWƒƒƒCƒAƒ“ƒgƒtƒŒƒbƒVƒ…ƒEƒH[ƒ^[ƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒCA
@@@@@@@@@@ ƒvƒ‰[ƒNƒ‰ƒx[ƒ“AFreshwater whiprayAGiant freshwater stingray)
@@@@@@@@@@4mA350‡sƒiƒ}ƒY‚È‚Ç‚ð•ßHBƒƒCƒNƒƒ“ìA‘÷‚Á‚½—¬‚ê‚Ì‘‚­‚È‚¢‚Æ‚±‚ë‚ðD‚ށB
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰Eƒtƒ‰ƒEƒBƒAƒiƒŠƒX@Himantura fluviatilis
@@@@@@@@@@(Ganges stingrayAHimantura fluvialis)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ}ƒ“ƒ`ƒ…ƒ‰EƒuƒŠ[ƒJ[ƒŠ@Himantura bleekeri
@@@@@@@@@@(Bleeker's whiprayAFreshwater stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ‡ƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒIƒgƒƒGƒC@Himantura undulata
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒŒƒIƒp[ƒhƒEƒBƒbƒvƒŒƒCALeopard whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}[ƒuƒ‹ƒhƒEƒBƒbƒvƒŒƒC@Himantura oxyrhyncha
@@@@@@@@@@(Marbled whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒ“ƒOƒ[ƒuƒEƒBƒbƒvƒŒƒC@Himantura granulata
@@@@@@@@@@(Mangrove whipray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ[ƒNƒƒ“ƒGƒC@Himantura kittipong
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒ[ƒNƒ[ƒ“ƒGƒC)
@@@@@@@@@@2006”N‚É”­Œ©‚³‚ꂽVŽí‚Ì’W…ƒGƒCB
@@@@@@@@@EBlack-spotted whipray)@Himantura toshi
@@@@@@@@@EBlackedge whipray)@Himantura marginatus
@@@@@@@@@@(Himantura marginata)
@@@@@@@@@EChupare stingray)@Himantura schmardae
@@@@@@@@@EDragon stingray)@Himantura draco
@@@@@@@@@EHortle's whipray)@Himantura hortlei
@@@@@@@@@EPacific chupare)@Himantura pacifica
@@@@@@@@@EPale-spot whip ray)@Himantura alcockii
@@@@@@@@@@(Himantura alcocki)
@@@@@@@@@ERound whip ray)@Himantura pastinacoides
@@@@@@@@@ESmalleye whip ray)@Himantura microphthalma
@@@@@@@@@@(Himantura microphthalm)
@@@@@@@@@EWhitenose whip ray)@Himantura uarnacoides
@@@@@@@@@E)@Himantura lobistoma
@@@@@@@@@E)@Himantura pareh

@@@@@@›ƒ}ƒ_ƒ‰ƒGƒC‘®@Taeniura@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒ_ƒ‰ƒGƒC@Taeniura meyeni
@@@@@@@@@@(Blotched fantail ray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒŠ[ƒtƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC@Taeniura lymma
@@@@@@@@@@(Bluespotted ribbontail rayABlue-Spotted Stingray)
@@@@@@@@@ERound stingray)@Taeniura grabata

@@@@@@›Pastinachus‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒcƒJƒGƒC@Pastinachus sephen
@@@@@@@@@@(Cowtail stingrayADasyatis sephenAHypolophus sephen)
@@@@@@@@@@¦ ƒAƒJƒGƒC‘®(Dasyatis)‚ÉŠÜ‚ß‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB
@@@@@@@@@ERoughnose stingray)@Pastinachus solocirostris




@@@ƒCƒgƒqƒLƒGƒC‰È@Anacanthobatidae@(V‘S@›1‘®@E10Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒzƒRƒJƒXƒx‘®@Anacanthobatis‘®@(E10Ží)
@@@@@@@¦ ƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC‰È(Rajidae)‚ÉŠÜ‚ß‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB
@@@@@@@@@EƒCƒgƒqƒLƒGƒC(Borneo leg skate)@Anacanthobatis borneensis
@@@@@@@@@EAmerican legskate)@Anacanthobatis americanus
@@@@@@@@@EBlack legskate)@Anacanthobatis ori
@@@@@@@@@EBlackbodied leg skate)@Anacanthobatis melanosoma
@@@@@@@@@EEast China leg skate)@Anacanthobatis donghaiensis
@@@@@@@@@ELeaf-nose leg skate)@Anacanthobatis folirostris
@@@@@@@@@ELongnose leg skate)@Anacanthobatis longirostris
@@@@@@@@@ENarrow leg skate)@Anacanthobatis stenosoma
@@@@@@@@@ESouth China leg skate)@Anacanthobatis nanhaiensis
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted legskate)@Anacanthobatis marmoratus




@@@ƒEƒXƒGƒC‰È@Plesiobatidae@(V‘S@›1‘®@E1Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒEƒXƒGƒC‘®@Plesiobatis@(EŽí)
@@@@@@@@@EƒEƒXƒGƒC(Deepwater stingray)@Plesiobatis daviesi




@@@ƒEƒ`ƒƒUƒ‰È@Platyrhinidae@(V‘S@›2‘®@E3Ží)
@@@@¦ ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‰È(Rhinobatidae)‚ÉŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB

@@@@@@›ƒEƒ`ƒƒUƒ‘®@Platyrhina@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒEƒ`ƒƒUƒ(Fanray)@Platyrhina sinensis
@@@@@@@@@EAmoy fanray)@Platyrhina limboonkengi

@@@@@@›ƒvƒ‰ƒeƒBƒŠƒmƒCƒfƒBƒX‘®@Platyrhinoidis@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ\[ƒ“ƒoƒbƒNEƒMƒ^[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…@Platyrhinoidis triseriata
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒ\[ƒ“ƒoƒbƒNƒMƒ^[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…AThornback guitarfish)




@@@ƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC‰È Rajidae@(V‘S@›28‘®@E235Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC‘®@Dipturus@(E33Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC@Dipturus kwangtungensis
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒXƒGAKwangtung skate)
@@@@@@@@@@¦ ƒTƒ‚©‚çƒGƒC‚̐i‰»‚Ì“r’†B
@@@@@@@@@@@@‚Ȃ̂ŃGƒC‚Ì—l‚É’¼Ú—c‹›‚ðŽY‚Þ‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚­AƒTƒ‚Ì—l‚É—‘‚ðŽY‚ށB
@@@@@@@@@@¦ ŠØ‘‚ɂ̓qƒŒ‚ð1ƒ–ŒŽ”­y‚³‚¹‚½H‚ו¨‚©‚ ‚éB
@@@@@@@@@EƒLƒcƒlƒJƒXƒx@Dipturus macrocauda
@@@@@@@@@@(Bigtail skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒUƒ‰ƒUƒ‰ƒJƒXƒx@Dipturus nasutus
@@@@@@@@@@(New Zealand rough skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ]ƒEƒJƒXƒx@Dipturus gigas
@@@@@@@@@@(Giant skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒeƒ“ƒOƒJƒXƒx@Dipturus tengu
@@@@@@@@@@(Acutenose skate)
@@@@@@@@@EArgus skate)@Dipturus polyommata
@@@@@@@@@EBarndoor skate)@Dipturus laevis
@@@@@@@@@EBight skate)@Dipturus gudgeri
@@@@@@@@@EBlackspot skate)@Dipturus campbelli
@@@@@@@@@EBlue skate)@Dipturus batis
@@@@@@@@@EBullis skate)@Dipturus bullisi
@@@@@@@@@EEcuador skate)@Dipturus ecuadoriensis
@@@@@@@@@EHooktail skate)@Dipturus oregoni
@@@@@@@@@ELongnosed skate)@Dipturus oxyrinchus
@@@@@@@@@EMadagascar skate)@Dipturus crosnieri
@@@@@@@@@ENew Zealand smooth skate)@Dipturus innominatus
@@@@@@@@@ENorwegian skate)@Dipturus nidarosiensis
@@@@@@@@@EPrickly brown ray)@Dipturus teevani
@@@@@@@@@EProw-nose skate)@Dipturus stenorhynchus
@@@@@@@@@ERattail skate)@Dipturus lanceorostratus
@@@@@@@@@ERay)@Dipturus trachyderma
@@@@@@@@@ERoughbelly skate)@Dipturus springeri
@@@@@@@@@ESailray)@Dipturus linteus
@@@@@@@@@ESan Blas skate)@Dipturus garricki
@@@@@@@@@ESlime skate)@Dipturus pullopunctata
@@@@@@@@@ESpreadfin skate)@Dipturus olseni
@@@@@@@@@EThintail skate)@Dipturus leptocauda
@@@@@@@@@EThorny tail skate)@Dipturus diehli
@@@@@@@@@ETravancore skate)@Dipturus johannisdavisi
@@@@@@@@@EViolet skate)@Dipturus doutrei
@@@@@@@@@EYellownose skate)@Dipturus chilensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dipturus flavirostris
@@@@@@@@@E)@Dipturus mennii

@@@@@@›ƒNƒWƒJƒXƒx‘®@Rhinoraja@(E6Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒ_ƒGƒC@Rhinoraja odai
@@@@@@@@@@(Oda's skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒiƒKƒJƒXƒx@Rhinoraja longicauda
@@@@@@@@@@(White-bellied softnose skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒNƒWƒJƒXƒx@Rhinoraja kujiensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Dapple-bellied softnose skate)
@@@@@@@@@EAleutian dotted skate)@Rhinoraja longi
@@@@@@@@@EBlunt skate)@Rhinoraja obtusa
@@@@@@@@@EMud skate)@Rhinoraja taranetzi

@@@@@@›ƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒJƒXƒx‘®@Okamejei@(E12Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒCƒTƒSƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC@Okamejei boesemani
@@@@@@@@@@(Boeseman's skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒLƒeƒ“ƒJƒXƒx@Okamejei hollandi
@@@@@@@@@@(Yellow-spotted skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒJƒXƒx@Okamejei kenojei
@@@@@@@@@@(Ocellate spot skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒcƒ}ƒŠƒJƒXƒx@Okamejei schmidti
@@@@@@@@@@(Browneye skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒƒ_ƒ}ƒJƒXƒx@Okamejei meerdervoortii
@@@@@@@@@@(Bigeye skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ‚ƒˆƒEƒJƒXƒx@Okamejei acutispina
@@@@@@@@@@(Sharpspine skate)
@@@@@@@@@EAustralian thornback skate)@Okamejei lemprieri
@@@@@@@@@EEast African skate)@Okamejei heemstrai
@@@@@@@@@EIndian ringed skate)@Okamejei powelli
@@@@@@@@@EPita skate)@Okamejei pita
@@@@@@@@@ESydney skate)@Okamejei australis
@@@@@@@@@EWhite-spotted skate)@Okamejei cerva

@@@@@@›ƒ\ƒRƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC‘®@Bathyraja@(E48Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒŠƒ…[ƒVƒƒƒ“ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja aleutica
@@@@@@@@@@(Aleutian skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒLƒ^ƒmƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja violacea
@@@@@@@@@@(Okhotsk skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒ}ƒ“ƒhƒ‹ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja lindbergi
@@@@@@@@@@(Commander skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒUƒ‰ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja trachouros
@@@@@@@@@@(Eremo skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒXƒxƒXƒxƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja minispinosa
@@@@@@@@@@(Smallthorn skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ\ƒRƒKƒ“ƒMƒGƒC@Bathyraja bergi
@@@@@@@@@@(Bottom skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ`ƒmƒtƒXƒL[ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja tzinovskii
@@@@@@@@@@(Creamback skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ`ƒqƒƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja abyssicola
@@@@@@@@@@(Deepsea skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ`ƒƒƒŒƒ“ƒWƒƒ[ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja isotrachys
@@@@@@@@@@(Raspback skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒcƒmƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja simoterus
@@@@@@@@@@(Hokkaido skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒhƒuƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja smirnovi
@@@@@@@@@@(Golden skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒtƒFƒhƒƒtƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja fedorovi
@@@@@@@@@@(Cinnamon skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒzƒ\ƒƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja andriashevi
@@@@@@@@@@(Little-eyed skate)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒcƒoƒ‰ƒGƒC@Bathyraja matsubarai
@@@@@@@@@@(Dusky-purple skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒŠƒ{ƒ“ƒJƒXƒx@Bathyraja diplotaenia
@@@@@@@@@@(Dusky-pink skate)
@@@@@@@@@EAfrican softnose skate)@Bathyraja smithii
@@@@@@@@@EAguja skate)@Bathyraja aguja
@@@@@@@@@EAlaska skate)@Bathyraja parmifera
@@@@@@@@@EBroadnose skate)@Bathyraja brachyurops
@@@@@@@@@EButterfly skate)@Bathyraja papilionifera
@@@@@@@@@ECuphead skate)@Bathyraja scaphiops
@@@@@@@@@EDark-belly skate)@Bathyraja meridionalis
@@@@@@@@@EEaton's skate)@Bathyraja eatonii
@@@@@@@@@EGraytail skate)@Bathyraja griseocauda
@@@@@@@@@EKerguelen sandpaper skate)@Bathyraja irrasa
@@@@@@@@@EMagellan skate)@Bathyraja magellanica
@@@@@@@@@EMcCain's skate)@Bathyraja maccaini
@@@@@@@@@EMultispine skate)@Bathyraja multispinis
@@@@@@@@@EMurray's skate)@Bathyraja murrayi
@@@@@@@@@ENarrownose skate)@Bathyraja shuntovi
@@@@@@@@@ENotoro skate)@Bathyraja notoroensis
@@@@@@@@@EPale ray)@Bathyraja pallida
@@@@@@@@@EPatagonian skate)@Bathyraja macloviana
@@@@@@@@@EPeruvian skate)@Bathyraja peruana
@@@@@@@@@EPurple-black skate)@Bathyraja caeluronigricans
@@@@@@@@@ERichardson's ray)@Bathyraja richardsoni
@@@@@@@@@ERoughtail skate)@Bathyraja trachura
@@@@@@@@@ESandpaper skate)@Bathyraja interrupta
@@@@@@@@@ESlimtail skate)@Bathyraja longicauda
@@@@@@@@@ESpinetail ray)@Bathyraja spinicauda
@@@@@@@@@EWest African skate)@Bathyraja hesperafricana
@@@@@@@@@EWhite skate)@Bathyraja spinosissima
@@@@@@@@@EWhite-blotched skate)@Bathyraja maculata
@@@@@@@@@EWhite-dotted skate)@Bathyraja albomaculata
@@@@@@@@@EWhitemouth skate)@Bathyraja schroederi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Bathyraja hubbsi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Bathyraja mariposa
@@@@@@@@@E)@Bathyraja pseudoisotrachys

@@@@@@›ƒgƒrƒcƒJƒGƒC‘®@Notoraja@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒgƒrƒcƒJƒGƒC@Notoraja tobitukai
@@@@@@@@@@(Leadhued skate)
@@@@@@@@@EPale skate)@Notoraja ochroderma

@@@@@@›ƒ~ƒcƒ{ƒVƒJƒXƒx‘®@Amblyraja@(E10Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ~ƒcƒ{ƒVƒJƒXƒx@Amblyraja badia
@@@@@@@@@@(Broad skate)
@@@@@@@@@EAntarctic starry skate)@Amblyraja georgiana
@@@@@@@@@EArctic skate)@Amblyraja hyperborea
@@@@@@@@@EBigmouth skate)@Amblyraja robertsi
@@@@@@@@@EJensen's skate)@Amblyraja jenseni
@@@@@@@@@EReversed skate)@Amblyraja reversa
@@@@@@@@@ESouthern thorny skate)@Amblyraja doellojuradoi
@@@@@@@@@EThickbody skate)@Amblyraja frerichsi
@@@@@@@@@EThorny skate)@Amblyraja radiata
@@@@@@@@@EWhiteleg skate)@Amblyraja taaf

@@@@@@›ƒƒKƒlƒJƒXƒx‘®@Raja@(E31Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒEƒ‰ƒCƒJƒXƒx@Raja koreana
@@@@@@@@@@(Korean skate)
@@@@@@@@@EƒƒKƒlƒJƒXƒx@Raja pulchra
@@@@@@@@@@(Mottled skate)
@@@@@@@@@EAfrican ray)@Raja africana
@@@@@@@@@EBahama skate)@Raja bahamensis
@@@@@@@@@EBig skate)@Raja binoculata
@@@@@@@@@EBiscuit skate)@Raja straeleni
@@@@@@@@@EBlonde ray)@Raja brachyura
@@@@@@@@@EBrown ray)@Raja miraletus
@@@@@@@@@ECalifornia ray)@Raja inornata
@@@@@@@@@ECape Verde skate)@Raja herwigi
@@@@@@@@@EClearnose skate)@Raja eglanteria
@@@@@@@@@ECortez' ray)@Raja cortezensis
@@@@@@@@@EEcuatorial ray)@Raja equatorialis
@@@@@@@@@EFinspot ray)@Raja cervigoni
@@@@@@@@@ELongnose skate)@Raja rhina
@@@@@@@@@EMadeiran ray)@Raja maderensis
@@@@@@@@@EOcellate skate)@Raja ackleyi
@@@@@@@@@ERondelet's ray)@Raja rondeleti
@@@@@@@@@ERough ray)@Raja radula
@@@@@@@@@ERoundel skate)@Raja texana
@@@@@@@@@ESmall-eyed ray)@Raja microocellata
@@@@@@@@@ESpeckled ray)@Raja polystigma
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted ray)@Raja montagui
@@@@@@@@@EStarry ray)@Raja asterias
@@@@@@@@@EStarry skate)@Raja stellulata
@@@@@@@@@EThornback ray)@Raja clavata
@@@@@@@@@EUndulate ray)@Raja undulata
@@@@@@@@@EVelez ray)@Raja velezi
@@@@@@@@@EWedgenose skate)@Raja whitleyi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Raja chinensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Raja rouxi

@@@@@@›Arhynchobatis‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ELongtail skate)@Arhynchobatis asperrimus

@@@@@@›Atlantoraja‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EEyespot skate)@Atlantoraja cyclophora
@@@@@@@@@ELa Plata skate)@Atlantoraja platana
@@@@@@@@@ESpotback skate)@Atlantoraja castelnaui

@@@@@@›Breviraja‘®@(E6Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBlackbelly skate)@Breviraja nigriventralis
@@@@@@@@@EBlacknose skate)@Breviraja mouldi
@@@@@@@@@EBrightspot skate)@Breviraja claramaculata
@@@@@@@@@ELightnose skate)@Breviraja colesi
@@@@@@@@@ENova Scotia skate)@Breviraja marklei
@@@@@@@@@ESpinose skate)@Breviraja spinosa

@@@@@@›Brochiraja‘®@(E6Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EPrickly deepsea skate)@Brochiraja asperula
@@@@@@@@@ESpiny deepsea skate)@Brochiraja spinifera
@@@@@@@@@E)@Brochiraja aenigma
@@@@@@@@@E)@Brochiraja albilabiata
@@@@@@@@@E)@Brochiraja leviveneta
@@@@@@@@@E)@Brochiraja microspinifera

@@@@@@›Cruriraja‘®@(E8Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EAndaman leg skate)@Cruriraja andamanica
@@@@@@@@@EAtlantic leg skate)@Cruriraja atlantis
@@@@@@@@@EBroadfoot leg skate)@Cruriraja cadenati
@@@@@@@@@ECuban leg skate)@Cruriraja poeyi
@@@@@@@@@ERough leg skate)@Cruriraja rugosa
@@@@@@@@@ERoughnose legskate)@Cruriraja parcomaculata
@@@@@@@@@ESmooth nose leg skate)@Cruriraja durbanensis
@@@@@@@@@ETriangular legskate)@Cruriraja triangularis

@@@@@@›Dactylobatus‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EHookskate)@Dactylobatus clarkii
@@@@@@@@@ESkilletskate)@Dactylobatus armatus

@@@@@@›Fenestraja‘®@(E8Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBlackfin pygmy skate)@Fenestraja atripinna
@@@@@@@@@ECuban pygmy skate)@Fenestraja cubensis
@@@@@@@@@EGulf of Mexico pygmy skate)@Fenestraja sinusmexicanus
@@@@@@@@@EMadagascar pygmy skate)@Fenestraja maceachrani
@@@@@@@@@EPlain pygmy skate)@Fenestraja ishiyamai
@@@@@@@@@EPluto skate)@Fenestraja plutonia
@@@@@@@@@EPrickly skate)@Fenestraja mamillidens
@@@@@@@@@ESiboga skate)@Fenestraja sibogae

@@@@@@›Gurgesiella‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EAtlantic pygmy skate)@Gurgesiella atlantica
@@@@@@@@@EDusky finless skate)@Gurgesiella furvescens
@@@@@@@@@EOnefin skate)@Gurgesiella dorsalifera

@@@@@@›Insentiraja‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EVelvet skate)@Insentiraja subtilispinosa

@@@@@@›Irolita‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ESouthern round skate)@Irolita waitii

@@@@@@›Leucoraja‘®@(E14Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ECuckoo ray)@Leucoraja naevus
@@@@@@@@@EFreckled skate)@Leucoraja garmani
@@@@@@@@@ELittle skate)@Leucoraja erinacea
@@@@@@@@@EMaltese ray)@Leucoraja melitensis
@@@@@@@@@EMaya skate)@Leucoraja caribbaea
@@@@@@@@@ESandy ray)@Leucoraja circularis
@@@@@@@@@EShagreen ray)@Leucoraja fullonica
@@@@@@@@@ESpeckled skate)@Leucoraja lentiginosa
@@@@@@@@@ETigertail skate)@Leucoraja compagnoi
@@@@@@@@@EVirginia skate)@Leucoraja virginica
@@@@@@@@@EWhitedappled skate)@Leucoraja leucosticta
@@@@@@@@@EWinter skate)@Leucoraja ocellata
@@@@@@@@@EYellow spotted skate)@Leucoraja wallacei
@@@@@@@@@EYucatan skate)@Leucoraja yucatanensis

@@@@@@›Malacoraja‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EKrefft's ray)@Malacoraja kreffti
@@@@@@@@@ERoughskin skate)@Malacoraja spinacidermis
@@@@@@@@@ESmooth skate)@Malacoraja senta

@@@@@@›Neoraja‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EAfrican pygmy skate)@Neoraja stehmanni
@@@@@@@@@EBlue ray)@Neoraja caerulea
@@@@@@@@@ECarolina pygmy skate)@Neoraja carolinensis
@@@@@@@@@EWest African pygmy skate)@Neoraja africana

@@@@@@›Pavoraja‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EAllens skate)@Pavoraja alleni
@@@@@@@@@EPeacock skate)@Pavoraja nitida

@@@@@@›Psammobatis‘®@(E8Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBlotched sand skate)@Psammobatis bergi
@@@@@@@@@EFreckled sand skate)@Psammobatis lentiginosa
@@@@@@@@@ERaspthorn sand skate)@Psammobatis scobina
@@@@@@@@@EShortfin sand skate)@Psammobatis normani
@@@@@@@@@ESmalltail sand skate)@Psammobatis parvacauda
@@@@@@@@@ESmallthorn sand skate)@Psammobatis rudis
@@@@@@@@@ESpade sand skate)@Psammobatis rutrum
@@@@@@@@@EZipper sand skate)@Psammobatis extenta

@@@@@@›Pseudoraja‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EFanfin skate)@Pseudoraja fischeri

@@@@@@›Rajella‘®@(E15Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EAnnandale's skate)@Rajella annandalei
@@@@@@@@@EBigelow's ray)@Rajella bigelowi
@@@@@@@@@EBigthorn skate)@Rajella barnardi
@@@@@@@@@EBlackish skate)@Rajella nigerrima
@@@@@@@@@EBrazilian skate)@Rajella sadowskii
@@@@@@@@@EDeepwater ray)@Rajella bathyphila
@@@@@@@@@EGhost skate)@Rajella dissimilis
@@@@@@@@@ELeopard skate)@Rajella leopardus
@@@@@@@@@EMid-Atlantic skate)@Rajella kukujevi
@@@@@@@@@EMunchkin skate)@Rajella caudaspinosa
@@@@@@@@@EPurplebelly skate)@Rajella purpuriventralis
@@@@@@@@@ERound ray)@Rajella fyllae
@@@@@@@@@ESmoothback skate)@Rajella ravidula
@@@@@@@@@ESooty skate)@Rajella fuliginea
@@@@@@@@@E)@Rajella eisenhardti

@@@@@@›Rioraja‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ERio skate)@Rioraja agassizii

@@@@@@›Rostroraja‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBottlenosed skate)@Rostroraja alba

@@@@@@›Sympterygia‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBignose fanskate)@Sympterygia acuta
@@@@@@@@@EFiletail fanskate)@Sympterygia lima
@@@@@@@@@EShorttail fanskate)@Sympterygia brevicaudatus
@@@@@@@@@ESmallnose fanskate)@Sympterygia bonapartii

@@@@@@›Zearaja‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Emaugean skate)@Zearaja maugeana
@@@@@@@@@@2008”NVŽí‚̃Kƒ“ƒMƒGƒC‚Ì1ŽíB
@@@@@@@@@@ƒ^ƒXƒ}ƒjƒA“‡‹ßŠC‚̌ŗLŽíB




@@@ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‰È@Rhinobatidae@(V‘S@›17‘®@E49Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‘®@Rhinobatos@(E34Ží)
@@@@@@@¦ Rhine
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ@Rhinobatos hynnicephalus
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒLƒƒ[ƒAAngel fish)
@@@@@@@@@EƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ@Rhinobatos schlegelii
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒCƒGƒ[ƒMƒ^[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…AYellow guitarfish)
@@@@@@@@@EƒVƒƒƒxƒ‹ƒm[ƒYEƒMƒ^[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…@Rhinobatos productus
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒVƒƒƒxƒ‹ƒm[ƒYƒMƒ^[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…AShovelnose guitarfish)
@@@@@@@@@EAnnandale's guitarfish)@Rhinobatos annandalei
@@@@@@@@@EAtlantic guitarfish)@Rhinobatos lentiginosus
@@@@@@@@@EBlackchin guitarfish)@Rhinobatos cemiculus
@@@@@@@@@EBluntnose guitarfish)@Rhinobatos blochii
@@@@@@@@@EBrazilian guitarfish)@Rhinobatos horkelii
@@@@@@@@@EChola guitarfish)@Rhinobatos percellens
@@@@@@@@@EClubnose guitarfish)@Rhinobatos thouin
@@@@@@@@@ECommon guitarfish)@Rhinobatos rhinobatos
@@@@@@@@@EGoldeneye shovelnose)@Rhinobatos sainsburyi
@@@@@@@@@EGorgona guitarfish)@Rhinobatos prahli
@@@@@@@@@EGrayspottted guitarfish)@Rhinobatos leucospilus
@@@@@@@@@ELesser sandshark)@Rhinobatos annulatus
@@@@@@@@@EMadagascar guitarfish)@Rhinobatos petiti
@@@@@@@@@EPacific guitarfish)@Rhinobatos planiceps
@@@@@@@@@ESalalah guitarfish)@Rhinobatos salalah
@@@@@@@@@EShaw's shovelnose guitar fish)@Rhinobatos thouiniana
@@@@@@@@@ESlender guitarfish)@Rhinobatos holcorhynchus
@@@@@@@@@ESmalleyed guitarfish)@Rhinobatos microphthalmus
@@@@@@@@@ESmoothback guitarfish)@Rhinobatos lionotus
@@@@@@@@@ESpeckled guitarfish)@Rhinobatos glaucostigma
@@@@@@@@@ESpineback guitarfish)@Rhinobatos irvinei
@@@@@@@@@ESpiny guitarfish)@Rhinobatos spinosus
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted guitarfish)@Rhinobatos punctifer
@@@@@@@@@EStripenose guitarfish)@Rhinobatos variegatus
@@@@@@@@@ETaiwan guitarfish)@Rhinobatos formosensis
@@@@@@@@@EWhite-spotted guitarfish)@Rhinobatos albomaculatus
@@@@@@@@@EWhitesnout guitarfish)@Rhinobatos leucorhynchus
@@@@@@@@@EWidenose guitarfish)@Rhinobatos obtusus
@@@@@@@@@EZanzibar guitarfish)@Rhinobatos zanzibarensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Rhinobatos nudidorsalis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Rhinobatos ocellatus

@@@@@@›ƒgƒŠƒSƒmƒŠƒi‘®@Trygonorrhina@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒTƒUƒ“ƒtƒBƒhƒ‰[@Trygonorrhina fasciata
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒTƒUƒ“EƒtƒBƒhƒ‰[AƒtƒBƒhƒ‰[ƒŒƒCASouthern fiddler)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒOƒpƒCƒtƒBƒhƒ‰[ƒŒƒC)@Trygonorrhina melaleuca
@@@@@@@@@@(Magpie fiddler ray)
@@@@@@@@@E)@Trygonorrhina dumerilii

@@@@@@›Aptychotrema‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EEast Australian shovelnose ray)@Aptychotrema rostrata
@@@@@@@@@EShort-snouted shovelnose ray)@Aptychotrema bougainvillii
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted shovelnose ray)@Aptychotrema timorensis
@@@@@@@@@EWestern shovelnose ray)@Aptychotrema vincentiana

@@@@@@›Glaucostegus‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ~ƒiƒ~ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ@Glaucostegus granulatus
@@@@@@@@@@(Sharpnose guitarfishARhinobatos granulatus)
@@@@@@@@@EGiant shovelnose ray)@Glaucostegus typus
@@@@@@@@@EHalavi's guitarfish)@Glaucostegus halavi

@@@@@@›Tarsistes‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@E)@Tarsistes philippii

@@@@@@›Zanobatus‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EStriped panray)@Zanobatus schoenleinii

@@@@@@›Zapteryx‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBanded guitarfish)@Zapteryx exasperata
@@@@@@@@@ELesser guitarfish)@Zapteryx brevirostris
@@@@@@@@@E)@Zapteryx xyster




@@@ƒ^ƒCƒƒ“ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‰È@Narcinidae@(V‘S@›9‘®@E38Ží)
@@@@¦ ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‰È(Torpedinidae)‚ÉŠÜ‚ß‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB

@@@@@@›ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‘®@Narke@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒCJapanese sleeper ray)@Narke japonica
@@@@@@@@@EƒnƒNƒeƒ“ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC(Spottail sleeper ray)@Narke dipterygia
@@@@@@@@@ECape numbfish)@Narke capensis

@@@@@@›ƒ^ƒCƒƒ“ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‘®@Narcine@(E19Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ^ƒCƒƒ“ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC(Blackspotted numbfish)@Narcine timlei
@@@@@@@@@EBanded numbfish)@Narcine westraliensis
@@@@@@@@@EBrazilian electric ray)@Narcine brasiliensis
@@@@@@@@@EBrown numbfish)@Narcine brunnea
@@@@@@@@@EChinese numbfish)@Narcine lingula
@@@@@@@@@EDarkfinned numbfish)@Narcine maculata
@@@@@@@@@EGiant electric ray)@Narcine entemedor
@@@@@@@@@ELargespotted numbfish)@Narcine indica
@@@@@@@@@ELesser electric ray)@Narcine bancroftii
@@@@@@@@@EShortlip electric ray)@Narcine brevilabiata
@@@@@@@@@ESlender electric ray)@Narcine rierai
@@@@@@@@@ETasmanian numbfish)@Narcine tasmaniensis
@@@@@@@@@ETonkin numbfish)@Narcine prodorsalis
@@@@@@@@@EVermiculate electric ray)@Narcine vermiculatus
@@@@@@@@@E)@Narcine atzi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Narcine insolita
@@@@@@@@@E)@Narcine lasti
@@@@@@@@@E)@Narcine leoparda
@@@@@@@@@E)@Narcine oculifera

@@@@@@›ƒlƒ€ƒŠƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‘®@Crassinarke@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒlƒ€ƒŠƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC(Sleeper torpedo)@Crassinarke dormitor

@@@@@@›Benthobatis‘®@(E3Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBlind torpedo)@Benthobatis marcida
@@@@@@@@@EDark blind ray)@Benthobatis moresbyi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Benthobatis kreffti

@@@@@@›Diplobatis‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EOcellated electric ray)@Diplobatis ommata
@@@@@@@@@EPainted electric ray)@Diplobatis pictus
@@@@@@@@@E)@Diplobatis colombiensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Diplobatis guamachensis

@@@@@@›Discopyge‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EApron ray)@Discopyge tschudii

@@@@@@›Heteronarce‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EElat electric ray)@Heteronarce bentuviai
@@@@@@@@@ENatal electric ray)@Heteronarce garmani
@@@@@@@@@EQuilon electric ray)@Heteronarce prabhui
@@@@@@@@@ESoft electric ray)@Heteronarce mollis

@@@@@@›Temera‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EFinless sleeper ray)@Temera hardwickii

@@@@@@›Typhlonarke‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EBlind legged torpedo)@Typhlonarke aysoni
@@@@@@@@@ESlender legged torpedo)@Typhlonarke tarakea




@@@ƒcƒoƒNƒƒGƒC‰È@Gymnuridae@(V‘S@›2‘®@E14Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒcƒoƒNƒƒGƒC‘®@Gymnura@(E12Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒiƒKƒcƒoƒNƒƒGƒCLongtail butterfly ray)@Gymnura poecilura
@@@@@@@@@EƒcƒoƒNƒƒGƒCJapanese butterflyray)@Gymnura japonica
@@@@@@@@@EAustralian butterfly ray)@Gymnura australis
@@@@@@@@@EBackwater butterfly ray)@Gymnura natalensis
@@@@@@@@@ECalifornia butterfly ray)@Gymnura marmorata
@@@@@@@@@ELongsnout butterfly ray)@Gymnura crebripunctata
@@@@@@@@@EMadeira butterfly ray)@Gymnura hirundo
@@@@@@@@@ESmooth butterfly ray)@Gymnura micrura
@@@@@@@@@ESpiny butterfly ray)@Gymnura altavela
@@@@@@@@@ETwin-spot butterfly ray)@Gymnura bimaculata
@@@@@@@@@E)@Gymnura afuerae
@@@@@@@@@E)@Gymnura crooki

@@@@@@›Aetoplatea‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ETentacled butterfly ray)@Aetoplatea tentaculata
@@@@@@@@@EZonetail butterfly ray)@Aetoplatea zonura





@@@ƒgƒrƒGƒC‰È@Myliobatidae@(V‘S@›7‘®@E44Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒAƒIƒXƒWƒgƒrƒGƒC‘®@Aetomylaeus@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒAƒIƒXƒWƒgƒrƒGƒC@Aetomylaeus nichofii
@@@@@@@@@@(Banded eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ‚ƒgƒ‹ƒhƒC[ƒOƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Aetomylaeus maculatus
@@@@@@@@@@(Mottled eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@EOrnate eagle ray)@Aetomylaeus vespertilio
@@@@@@@@@E)@Aetomylaeus milvus

@@@@@@›ƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC‘®@Mobula@(E11Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC@Mobula japanica
@@@@@@@@@@(Demon spinetail modulaASpinetail mobulaAMobula rancureliAŽ…Šª?)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ^ƒCƒZƒCƒˆƒEƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC@Mobula hypostoma
@@@@@@@@@@(Lesser devil ray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ^ƒCƒƒ“ƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC@Mobula tarapacana
@@@@@@@@@@(Chilean devil rayAGreater Guinean mobulaAMobula coilloti)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒfƒrƒ‹ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…@Mobula mobular
@@@@@@@@@@(Devil fishAMobula modular)
@@@@@@@@@EƒqƒƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC@Mobula diabola
@@@@@@@@@@(Devil ray)
@@@@@@@@@ELesser Guinean devil ray)@Mobula rochebrunei
@@@@@@@@@EMunk's devil ray)@Mobula munkiana
@@@@@@@@@EPygmy devil ray)@Mobula eregoodootenkee
@@@@@@@@@EShort tail mobula)@Mobula thurstoni
@@@@@@@@@EShortfin devil ray)@Mobula kuhlii
@@@@@@@@@@(Mobula kuhli)
@@@@@@@@@ESmooth-tail mobula)@Mobula thurstoni

@@@@@@›ƒEƒVƒoƒiƒgƒrƒGƒC‘®@Rhinoptera@(E8Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒEƒVƒoƒiƒgƒrƒGƒC @Rhinoptera javanica
@@@@@@@@@@(Javanese cownose ray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒNƒƒKƒlƒEƒVƒoƒiƒgƒrƒGƒC@Rhinoptera bonasus
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒJƒEƒm[ƒYƒŒƒCACownose ray)
@@@@@@@@@EAustralian cownose ray) @Rhinoptera neglecta
@@@@@@@@@ELusitanian cownose ray) @Rhinoptera marginata
@@@@@@@@@EOman cownose ray) @Rhinoptera jayakari
@@@@@@@@@EPacific cownose ray) @Rhinoptera steindachneri
@@@@@@@@@ERough cownose ray) @Rhinoptera adspersa
@@@@@@@@@ETicon cownose ray) @Rhinoptera brasiliensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Rhinoptera brasilensis)

@@@@@@›ƒIƒjƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC‘®@Manta@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒIƒjƒCƒgƒ}ƒLƒGƒC@Manta birostris
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒ}ƒ“ƒ^AGiant mantaAManta ray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ^ƒCƒZƒCƒˆƒEƒ}ƒ“ƒ^@Manta hamiltoni
@@@@@@@@@E)@Manta ehrenbergii
@@@@@@@@@E)@Manta raya

@@@@@@›ƒgƒrƒGƒC‘®@Myliobatis@(E11Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒI[ƒXƒgƒ‰ƒŠƒAƒ“ƒuƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Myliobatis australis
@@@@@@@@@@(Australian bull rayASouthern Eagle Ray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒC[ƒOƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Myliobatis aquila
@@@@@@@@@@(Common eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒgƒrƒGƒC@Myliobatis tobijei
@@@@@@@@@@(Japanese eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒjƒ…[ƒW[ƒ‰ƒ“ƒhƒC[ƒOƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Myliobatis tenuicaudatus
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒjƒ…[EƒW[ƒ‰ƒ“ƒhEƒC[ƒOƒ‹EƒŒƒCANew Zealand eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@EƒoƒbƒgƒŒƒC@Myliobatis californica
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒoƒbƒgEƒC[ƒOƒ‹EƒŒƒCABat eagle rayAMyliobatis californicus)
@@@@@@@@@EBullnose eagle ray)@Myliobatis freminvillii(Myliobatis freminvillei)
@@@@@@@@@EChilean eagle ray)@Myliobatis chilensis
@@@@@@@@@@(Manta rayaAaguila de mar)
@@@@@@@@@EPervian eagle ray)@Myliobatis peruvianus
@@@@@@@@@EPurple eagle ray)@Myliobatis hamlyni
@@@@@@@@@ESnouted eagle ray)@Myliobatis longirostris
@@@@@@@@@ESouthern eagle ray)@Myliobatis goodei

@@@@@@›ƒ}ƒ_ƒ‰ƒgƒrƒGƒC‘®@@Aetobatus@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒiƒ‹ƒgƒrƒGƒC@Aetobatus flagellum
@@@@@@@@@@(Longheaded eagle rayAAetobatus flagellus)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒ_ƒ‰ƒgƒrƒGƒC@Aetobatus narinari
@@@@@@@@@@(Spotted eagle ray)
@@@@@@@@@ESharpwing eagle ray)@Aetobatus guttatus
@@@@@@@@@E)@Aetobatus ocellatus

@@@@@@›Pteromylaeus‘®@(E2Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒuƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Pteromylaeus bovinus
@@@@@@@@@@(Bull ray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ‰ƒtƒC[ƒOƒ‹ƒŒƒC@Pteromylaeus asperrimus
@@@@@@@@@@(Rough eagle ray)





@@@ƒgƒ“ƒKƒŠƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‰È@Rhynchobatidae@(V‘S@›2‘®@E5Ží)
@@@@¦ ƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‰È(Rhinobatidae)‚ÉŠÜ‚ß‚éê‡‚à‚ ‚éB

@@@@@@›ƒVƒmƒmƒƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‘®@Rhina@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒVƒmƒmƒƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ(Bowmouth guitarfishAShark Ray)@Rhina ancylostoma
@@@@@@@¦ ƒVƒmƒmƒƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‰È(Rhinidae)‚Æ‚·‚邱‚Æ‚à‚ ‚éB

@@@@@@›ƒgƒ“ƒKƒŠƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ‘®@Rhynchobatus(Rhynchobatis)@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒgƒ“ƒKƒŠƒTƒJƒ^ƒUƒ(Giant guitarfishARhynchobatis djiddensis)@Rhynchobatus djiddensis
@@@@@@@@@EAfrican wedgefish(Rhynchobatis luebberti)@Rhynchobatus luebberti
@@@@@@@@@ESmooth nose wedgefish(Rhynchobatis laevis)@Rhynchobatus laevis
@@@@@@@@@EWhitespotted wedgefish(Rhynchobatis australiae)@Rhynchobatus australiae




@@@ƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC‰È@Pristidae@(V‘S@›2‘®@E7Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC‘®@Anoxypristis@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC(ƒiƒCƒtƒgƒD[ƒXEƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…AKnifetooth sawfish)@Anoxypristis cuspidata

@@@@@@›Pristis‘®@(E6Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒOƒŠ[ƒ“ƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…(ƒƒ“ƒOƒRƒEƒ€Eƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…ALongcomb sawfish)@Pristis zijsron
@@@@@@@@@EƒXƒ‚[ƒ‹ƒgƒD[ƒXƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…@Pristis pectinata
@@@@@@@@@@(ƒIƒIƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒCASmall tooth sawfish)

@@@@@@@@@EƒqƒƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC(ƒhƒ[ƒtEƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…ADwarf sawfish)@Pristis clavata
@@@@@@@@@@ƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC’†Å¬B
@@@@@@@@@Eƒzƒ“ƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC(ƒRƒ‚ƒ“ƒ\[ƒtƒBƒVƒ…ACommon sawfish)@Pristis pristis
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ‰[ƒWEƒgƒD[ƒXEƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…iLarge-tooth sawfishj@Pristis perotteti
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ‰[ƒWƒgƒD[ƒXƒ\[ƒtƒBƒbƒVƒ…(Largetooth sawfish)@Pristis microdon
@@@@@@@@@@ƒmƒRƒMƒŠƒGƒC’†Å‘åB




@@@ƒqƒ‰ƒ^ƒGƒC‰È@Urolophidae@(V‘S@›4‘®@E44Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒqƒ‰ƒ^ƒGƒC‘®@Urolophus@(E21Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒqƒ‰ƒ^ƒGƒC(Sepia stingray)@Urolophus aurantiacus
@@@@@@@@@EBrown stingaree)@Urolophus westraliensis
@@@@@@@@@ECircular stingaree)@Urolophus circularis
@@@@@@@@@ECoastal stingaree)@Urolophus orarius
@@@@@@@@@ECoral sea stingaree)@Urolophus piperatus
@@@@@@@@@ECrossback stingaree)@Urolophus cruciatus
@@@@@@@@@EGreenback stingaree)@Urolophus viridis
@@@@@@@@@EJava stingaree)@Urolophus javanicus
@@@@@@@@@EKai stingaree)@Urolophus kaianus
@@@@@@@@@ELobed stingaree)@Urolophus lobatus
@@@@@@@@@EMitotic stingaree)@Urolophus mitosis
@@@@@@@@@ENew Ireland stingaree)@Urolophus armatus
@@@@@@@@@EPatchwork stingaree)@Urolophus flavomosaicus
@@@@@@@@@ESandyback stingaree)@Urolophus bucculentus
@@@@@@@@@ESparsely-spotted stingaree)@Urolophus paucimaculatus
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted stingaree)@Urolophus gigas
@@@@@@@@@EWide stingaree)@Urolophus expansus
@@@@@@@@@EYellowback stingaree)@Urolophus sufflavus
@@@@@@@@@E)@Urolophus deforgesi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Urolophus neocaledoniensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Urolophus papilio

@@@@@@›Trygonoptera‘®@(E4Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ECommon stingaree)@Trygonoptera testacea
@@@@@@@@@EMasked stingaree)@Trygonoptera personata
@@@@@@@@@EStriped stingaree)@Trygonoptera ovalis
@@@@@@@@@EWestern shovelnose stingaree)@Trygonoptera mucosa

@@@@@@›Urobatis‘®@(E6Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EChilean round stingray)@Urobatis marmoratus
@@@@@@@@@EHaller's round ray)@Urobatis halleri
@@@@@@@@@ESpot-on-spot round ray)@Urobatis concentricus
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted round ray)@Urobatis maculatus
@@@@@@@@@ETumbes round stingray)@Urobatis tumbesensis
@@@@@@@@@EYellow stingray)@Urobatis jamaicensis

@@@@@@›Urotrygon‘®@(E13Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EChilean round ray)@Urotrygon chilensis
@@@@@@@@@EDwarf round ray)@Urotrygon nana
@@@@@@@@@EFake round ray)@Urotrygon simulatrix
@@@@@@@@@EMunda round ray)@Urotrygon munda
@@@@@@@@@EPeruvian stingray)@Urotrygon peruanus
@@@@@@@@@EReticulate round ray)@Urotrygon reticulata
@@@@@@@@@ERoger's round ray)@Urotrygon rogersi
@@@@@@@@@ESmalleyed round stingray)@Urotrygon microphthalmum
@@@@@@@@@ESpiny-tail round ray)@Urotrygon aspidura
@@@@@@@@@EStingray)@Urotrygon serrula
@@@@@@@@@EVenezuela round stingray)@Urotrygon venezuelae
@@@@@@@@@E)@Urotrygon caudispinosus
@@@@@@@@@E)@Urotrygon cimar




@@@ƒ€ƒcƒGƒ‰ƒGƒC‰È@Hexatrygonidae@(V‘S@›1‘®@E1Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒ€ƒcƒGƒ‰ƒGƒC‘®@Hexatrygon@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ€ƒcƒGƒ‰ƒGƒC@Hexatrygon bickelli
@@@@@@@@@@(Sixgill stingrayAHexatrygon longirostraAHexatrygon taiwanensisAHexatrygon yangi)




@@@ƒ„ƒ}ƒgƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‰È(ƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‰È)@Torpedinidae@(V‘S@›2‘®@E22Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒ„ƒ}ƒgƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC‘®@Torpedo@(E21Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒSƒ}ƒtƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC(Pacific electric ray)@Torpedo californica
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ„ƒ}ƒgƒVƒrƒŒƒGƒC(Trapezoid torpedo)@Torpedo tokionis
@@@@@@@@@EAlexandrine torpedo)@Torpedo alexandrinsis
@@@@@@@@@EArgentine torpedo)@Torpedo puelcha
@@@@@@@@@EAtlantic torpedo)@Torpedo nobiliana
@@@@@@@@@EBlack-spotted torpedo)@Torpedo fuscomaculata
@@@@@@@@@ECommon torpedo)@Torpedo torpedo
@@@@@@@@@EFlorida torpedo)@Torpedo andersoni
@@@@@@@@@EMarbled electric ray)@Torpedo sinuspersici
@@@@@@@@@ENew Zealand torpedo)@Torpedo fairchildi
@@@@@@@@@EPanther electric ray)@Torpedo panthera
@@@@@@@@@EPeruvian torpedo)@Torpedo peruana
@@@@@@@@@ERinged torpedo)@Torpedo mackayana
@@@@@@@@@ERosette torpedo)@Torpedo bauchotae
@@@@@@@@@ESemipelagic torpedo)@Torpedo semipelagica
@@@@@@@@@EShorttail torpedo)@Torpedo macneilli
@@@@@@@@@ESmalldisk torpedo)@Torpedo microdiscus
@@@@@@@@@ESpotted torpedo)@Torpedo marmorata
@@@@@@@@@ETorpedo)@Torpedo tremens
@@@@@@@@@E)@Torpedo adenensis
@@@@@@@@@E)@Torpedo suessii

@@@@@@›Hypnos‘®@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@ECoffin ray)@Hypnos monopterygium




@@@Potamotrygonidae‰È@(V‘S@›3‘®@E19Ží)

@@@@@@›ƒpƒ‰ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“‘®@Paratrygon@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ}ƒ†ƒQƒGƒC@Paratrygon aiereba
@@@@@@@@@@(Eyebrow StingrayADiscus rayADisceus thayeriA
@@@@@@@@@@@ƒpƒ‰ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“EƒAƒCƒGƒŒƒoAƒfƒBƒXƒPƒEƒXEƒAƒCƒGƒŒƒo)

@@@@@@›ƒvƒŒƒVƒIƒgƒŠƒSƒ“‘®@Plesiotrygon@(E1Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒŒƒIƒp[ƒhƒAƒ“ƒeƒiEƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC@Plesiotrygon iwamae
@@@@@@@@@@(Long-tailed river stingrayAƒvƒŒƒVƒIƒgƒŠƒSƒ“EƒCƒƒ}ƒGAƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“EƒCƒƒ}ƒGj

@@@@@@›ƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“‘®@Potamotrygon@(E17Ží)
@@@@@@@@@EƒXƒ€[ƒYƒoƒbƒNEƒŠƒo[ƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒ[@Potamotrygon orbignyi
@@@@@@@@@@(Smooth back river stingray)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“EƒVƒ…ƒƒGƒfƒŠ(Rosette river stingray)@Potamotrygon schroederi
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“EƒqƒXƒgƒŠƒbƒNƒX@Potamotrygon hystrix
@@@@@@@@@@(Porcupine river stingrayAPotamotrygon histrix)
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“Eƒuƒ‰ƒLƒ…ƒ‰(Short-tailed river stingray)@Potamotrygon brachyura
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ|ƒ^ƒ‚ƒgƒŠƒSƒ“Eƒ‚ƒgƒ(Ocellate river stingray)@Potamotrygon motoro
@@@@@@@@@Eƒ|ƒ‹ƒJƒhƒbƒgEƒXƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒŒƒC(White-blotched river stingray)@Potamotrygon leopoldi
@@@@@@@@@EBigtooth river stingray)@Potamotrygon henlei
@@@@@@@@@ELargespot river stingray)@Potamotrygon falkneri
@@@@@@@@@EMagdalena river stingray)@Potamotrygon magdalenae
@@@@@@@@@EMaracaibo river stingray)@Potamotrygon yepezi
@@@@@@@@@EParana river stingray(Potamotrygon schuemacheri)@Potamotrygon schuhmacheri
@@@@@@@@@EParnaiba river stingray)@Potamotrygon signata
@@@@@@@@@ERaspy river stingray)@Potamotrygon scobina
@@@@@@@@@ERed-blotched river stingray)@Potamotrygon ocellata
@@@@@@@@@EThorny river stingray)@Potamotrygon constellata
@@@@@@@@@EVermiculate river stingray)@Potamotrygon castexi
@@@@@@@@@E)@Potamotrygon marinae

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